An Overview of Comparative Law and Its Top Contributors

The legal field is as wide as any field can be and there are new subfields that seem to crop up almost every day. In addition, almost every country has its own unique laws which may not necessarily be identical, or even similar, to the laws of other countries. Naturally, this implies that there must be a system that can be used for comparing different laws drawn from different regions to find out how they relate to each other. That explains the existence of comparative law.

Simply put, comparative law can be defined as the study of the interactions and relationships between laws in a system or separate legal systems with a view of determining their similarities and differences.

Among the most notable personalities that have been at the forefront in the field of comparative law is Sujit Choudhry, the man behind the Center for Constitutional Transitions, follow Sujit on his page.  Based on, he is recognized as an international authority in matters of comparative constitutional law and has published several books in the subject in addition to actual field experience in helping countries such as Egypt, South Africa, Libya, Jordan, Ukraine and Sri Lanka with their constitutional reform processes.

At present, Sujit Choudhry serves as the I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law at Berkley’s campus of the University of California. He has also served as the Dean of the university’s School of Law and was previously the Scholl Chair at University of Toronto and Law Professor at New York University. There is no doubt about the significance of Prof. Sujit Choudhry’s contribution to the development of comparative law and he has spoken in over two dozen countries worldwide on related subjects.  To read his writings and more, visit his page.  Comparative constitutional law is a subset of domestic constitutional law that deals with the relationships that exist between the constitutions of different countries and not just their existing legal systems. There are numerous factors that have contributed to the growth of comparative constitutional law, with the expansion of international human rights laws being at the forefront, check this here.   Most countries are faced by the need to adapt and change their constitutions in order to ensure that they conform to international laws and this has been a motivating factor for the overall growth of the field.  Read an interview of Sujit in this article on

Read more about Sujit on